The Peruvian Cuisine

Peruvian cuisine is very diverse with regions and some cities even having their own specialities depending on geography and climate that in turn dictates available ingredients. Today Peruvian cuisine combines pre-Inca and Inca staples and food with the cuisines that the immigrants from Europe, Africa and Asia brought with them. This has resulted in a unique fusion of foods and flavours. One of the country’s most popular every-day foods is a fusion of Asian and Indigenous influences, called ‘chifa’.

Four traditional staples

A Peruvian Kitchen

A Peruvian Kitchen. Photo credit: shutterstock

The four traditional staples of Peruvian cuisine are corn, potatoes and other tubers, Amaranthaceaes (quinoa, kañiwa and kiwicha) and legumes (beans and lupins). The Spanish introduced rice, wheat and meats (beef, pork and chicken).

Over recent years, some traditional foods such as quinoa, kiwicha and chilli peppers have increased in popularity leading to a revival of interest in native Peruvian foods and culinary techniques. Gastronomists around the world now rate Peruvian cuisine as the best cuisine in Latin America.

The Peruvian diet is mainly based on chicken, beef and seafood and can sometimes be quite spicy. Regional dishes vary, and aji (chilli) is often used.

Typical cuisine

Lomo Saltado (Saltadito)

Lomo Saltado, typical Peruvian Cuisine

Lomo Saltado, typical Peruvian Cuisine. Photo credit: shutterstock

Lomo Saltado – Stir fried sliced beef, tomatoes, onion, garlic and cumin, fried French cut potatoes and accompanied with rice

Aji de Gallina

Aji de Gallina.

Aji de Gallina. Photo credit: shutterstock

Aji de Gallina – Chicken strips in a yellow chilli sauce served with rice

Empanadas

Empanadas

Empanadas. Photo credit: shutterstock

Empanadas –  Pastry cases filled with chicken, beef or cheese

Pollo a la Brasa

Pollo a la Brasa

Pollo a la Brasa. Photo credit: shutterstock

Pollo a la Brasa – Roasted marinated chicken

Ceviche

Ceviche, a typical Peruvian dish

Ceviche, a typical Peruvian dish. Photo credit: Shutterstock

Ceviche – Raw fish marinated in lime juice with chilli and onion

Cuy

A typical Peruvian dish: Cuy

A typical Peruvian dish: Cuy. Photo crredit: shutterstock

Cuy – Guinea pig, a highland dish, usually roasted or barbequed

Papa a la huancaina (Huancayo-style potatoes)

Papa a la huancaina

Papa a la huancaina. Photo credit: Shutterstock

Papa a la Huancaina – Sliced boiled potatoes, served on a bed of lettuce with a slightly spicy cheese sauce with olives

Pisco

cocktail made from Pisco

Pisco. Photo credit: Shutterstock

The traditional spirit of Peru is Pisco, a grape brandy. The famous Pisco Sour cocktail is made from Pisco, egg white, bitters and lime juice.

 

Did those mouthwatering Peruvian Dishes get you all in the mood to visit Peru?  Chimu adventures offers a wide variety of trips to this country with exquisite food, beautiful heritage and stunning nature. We even have Peruvian gastronomy inspired tour called ‘Taste of Peru‘ or tailor-make your journey around South America

Author: Helen Dwyer

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